A Study of Bortezomib, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (VRd) Followed by Cilta-cel, a CAR-T Therapy Directed Against BCMA Versus VRd Followed by Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Rd) Therapy in Participants With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma for Whom ASCT is Not Planned as Initial Therapy

Official Title

A Phase 3 Randomized Study Comparing Bortezomib, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (VRd) Followed by Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel, a Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cell (CAR-T) Therapy Directed Against BCMA Versus Bortezomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone (VRd) Followed by Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Rd) Therapy in Participants With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma for Whom Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant is Not Planned as Initial Therapy

Summary:

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of Bortezomib, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (VRd) induction followed by a single administration of ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel) versus VRd induction followed by Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (Rd) maintenance in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma participants for whom ASCT is not planned as initial therapy in terms of Progression Free Survival (PFS).

Trial Description

Primary Outcome:

  • Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Secondary Outcome:
  • Sustained Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative CR
  • MRD Negative CR at 9 Months
  • Overall MRD Negative CR
  • Overall Survival (OS)
  • Complete Response or Better
  • Time to Subsequent Anti-myeloma Therapy
  • Progression Free Survival on Next-line Therapy (PFS2)
  • Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events (AEs)
  • Number of Participants with Abnormalities in Laboratory Parameters
  • Number of Participants with Abnormalities in 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG), Physical examination and Vital Signs
  • Arm B: Systemic Cytokine Concentrations
  • Arm B: Levels of Chimeric Antigen Receptor T cell (CAR-T) Cell Activation Markers
  • Arm B: Level of Soluble B-cell Maturation Antigen (BCMA) and BCMA Expressing Cells
  • Arm B: Levels of Cilta-cel Expansion (proliferation), and Persistence
  • Arm B: Number of Participants with Anti-cilta-cel Antibodies
  • Arm B: Number of Participants with Presence of Replication Competent Lentivirus
  • Change from Baseline in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as Assessed by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC-QLQ-C30) Scale Score
  • Change from Baseline in Health-Related Quality of Life as Assessed by MySIm-Q Scale Score
  • Change from Baseline in Health-Related Quality of Life as Assessed by European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) Scale Score
  • Change from Baseline in Health-Related Quality of Life as Assessed by Patient Global Impression of Symptom Severity (PGIS) Scale Score
  • Patient-reported Outcomes Version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) Items
  • Time to Worsening of Symptoms, Functioning and Overall Well-being
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant plasma cell disorder characterized by the production of monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig) proteins or protein fragments (M proteins) that have lost their function. JNJ-68284528 (ciltacabtagene autoleucel [cilta-cel]) is an autologous chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy that targets B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), a molecule expressed on the surface of mature B lymphocytes and malignant plasma cells. The primary hypothesis of this study is that in participants with newly diagnosed MM, treatment with VRd induction followed by a single administration of cilta-cel will significantly improve progression free survival compared to Bortezomib, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone (VRd) induction followed by Rd maintenance. The study will screen participants with newly diagnosed MM who are not planned to receive autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) as initial therapy. This study will be conducted in 4 phases: Screening (up to 28 days), Pre-randomization Treatment, Treatment, and Follow-up. Assessments like patient-reported outcome(s) (PROs), electrocardiogram (ECG), vital signs and pharmacokinetics will be performed during the study. Safety evaluations will include review of adverse events, laboratory test results, vital sign measurements, physical examination findings, assessment of cardiac function, Immune-Effector Cell-Associated Encephalopathy (ICE) and handwriting assessments (only for Arm B) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status. Safety data will be periodically reviewed by an Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC). The duration of the study is approximately 12 years 5 months.

View this trial on ClinicalTrials.gov

Interested in this trial?

Print this page and take it to your doctor to discuss your eligibilty and treatment options. Only your doctor can refer you to a clinical trial.

Resources

Canadian Cancer Society

These resources are provided in partnership with the Canadian Cancer Society